Among the panoply of “anti-pimples” cosmetic products, which are essential to make them disappear, camouflage them and regain beautiful skin? Which skincare to choose against blackheads and acne pimples?
What are blackheads and acne pimples due to?
Some 80% of adolescents suffer from acne and many young adults also display blackheads (comedones), turning into whiteheads, even pustules or cysts. It is a hormonal phenomenon. Indeed, at puberty, sex hormones stimulate the sebaceous glands. They then produce excess sebum, which clogs the pores of the skin, conducive to the development of bacteria and pimples appear:
- Blackheads are retentional acne.
- White pimples are inflammatory acne.
The tendency to acne has a hereditary component, but certain factors can also favor the occurrence of pimples (rubbing, unsuitable cosmetic products, stress).
Boys and men are more affected by acne. In women, acne fluctuates with menstrual cycles and therefore persists more often in adulthood.
Do not pierce acne pimples
Why not pinch, squeeze or puncture blackheads and white buttons?
By piercing them, you risk infecting the skin, spreading acne and leaving scars.
If you still want to remove a black dot yourself, do it in the rules:
Very gently on slightly damp skin to open the pores, with a clean handkerchief to collect the residue. Or even better, let the beautician take care of the unsightly blackheads.
What cleansing products for acne?
In case of sweating (heat, physical activity)
Remember to rid your skin of sweat and impurities that can clog pores and promote pimples.
Against acne and black spots
Wash your face gently (without rubbing) twice a day, morning and evening (no more at the risk of irritating the skin unnecessarily), not with soap, but with a mild cleansing milk or gel, unscented, special for acne skin, or with a dermatological bar. Soap often has a basic pH which tends to dry out the skin, which, to compensate, produces more sebum which promotes pimples.
What care for blackheads and acne pimples?
After a gentle cleaning, apply a suitable treatment.
The most active substance is benzoyl peroxide, which destroys bacteria and reduces the thickness of the epidermis. Be careful, it can be irritating, hence the advantage of choosing a product that is not very concentrated (2.5% max). Products containing salicylic acid, which effectively reduces the thickness of the epidermis, can also be used. The Acne Cream comes up with the best deals.
On the other hand, alcoholic, antiseptic or sulfur-based products are not recommended because they are ineffective, irritating and sensitizing. The application of a special moisturizer for acne-prone skin can improve the tolerance of anti-acne treatments. Anti-acne treatments are long lasting . Don’t expect immediate improvement.
If there is no improvement (several months), consult a dermatologist who, after evaluating the type of acne, can prescribe a personalized combination of dermatological products. There are indeed other treatments against acne, on prescription.
Exfoliation: once a week
- Exfoliation is necessary to rid the epidermis of dead cells and impurities.
- But do not abuse it, at the risk of attacking the skin and promoting redness.
- No exfoliation more than once a week, again choosing a non-comedogenic product.
Make-up and camouflage
- Choose “non-comedogenic” makeup products and avoid those that are too oily or thick.
- Do not suffocate the skin under a thick layer of makeup which may clog the pores.
- Use a foundation or compact powder to hide skin blemishes. Very rich in pigments, they are particularly covering and some also smooth the reliefs.
- And to hide the red buttons, use a green color corrector, always non-comedogenic.